Naturalization is the process by which U.S. citizenship is granted to a foreign citizen or
national after he or she fulfills the requirements established by Congress in the Immigration
and Nationality Act (INA).
In most cases, an applicant for naturalization must be a permanent resident (green card
holder) before filing. Except for certain U.S. military members and their dependents,
naturalization can only be granted in the United States.
You May Qualify for Naturalization if:
● You have been a permanent resident for at least 5 years and meet all other eligibility
● You have been a permanent resident for 3 years or more and meet all eligibility
requirements to file as a spouse of a U.S. citizen.
● You have qualifying service in the U.S. armed forces and meet all other eligibility
● Your child may qualify for naturalization if you are a U.S. citizen, the child was born
outside the U.S., the child is currently residing outside the U.S., and all other eligibility
requirements are met.
How to Apply for Naturalization
To apply for naturalization, file Form N-400, Application for Naturalization.